Hairstyle as a measure of social change

Hairstyle as a measure of social change

The way the hair is cut can tell us a certain identity, so we know the neo-Nazis from their haircuts, and they are called “skinheads” with certain slogans they draw on their heads, or the hair of African Americans who leave their hair intertwined as the hair of the international singer Bob Marley, the absolute reggae musician in the world.

There is a special hair model that is launched by certain people and turns into a global fashion, such as the hair of Elvis Presley, or the hair of the Beatles in all their transformations, or the hair of Jennifer Aniston in the first episodes of the series “Friends”, which launched a general obsession among women about this haircut that has become a fashion. It has been around the world for years, and has been based on shoulder-length wavy hair with bangs raised like a wave over the head.

And there footballer Ibrahimović, who ties him as a Japanese samurai, has a tuft on the top of his head that looks like a high ponytail. This hairstyle has spread among the youth of the world for years as well, or the haircut of the legendary Brazilian player Ronaldo, who left a bang in the front of his head, shaving his remaining hair in the manner of the inhabitants of tropical forests. The chin tradition of the Argentine player Messi has also spread.

Hair fashion and social changes

Hair can be compatible with the prevailing fashion, or contrary to it as an expression of objection, or an expression of rejection of certain social determinants of women’s hair and men’s hair, such as being short or long according to gender classification. “boy”, which means that short hair for males is between long hair for females, as is the case with men who grow their hair long in conservative societies in the twentieth century, which defined in their cultures that long hair is for women, and short hair for men, so the owner of long hair is described as “effeminate”, or “Feminine”, or at best treated as if it breaks social norms.

Of course, these discriminatory references are made in specific times and societies. Long hair was in many periods of man’s features, as in European times in the fourteenth century, and onwards, when European men preferred a “wig” with long hair and graduated bends, while women used to leave their natural hair to lengthen, but it is often bundled and arranged in braids. And braids over the head topped with a handkerchief.

Women’s short hair has also become a fashion since the Industrial Revolution and women’s work in factories, and then after the First World War, when long hair became an obstacle to the movement of women working in arms factories, in hospitals, or in the reconstruction of what was destroyed by the war.

However, according to the American sociologist Rose Weitz, the most widespread cultural rule in general human culture about hairstyle is that women’s hair should differ from men’s hair, regardless of how this difference and its form.

Hair styles during the past centuries, specifically during the twentieth century, were affected by major social changes and cultural revolutions within certain and different societies and cultures. The style of poetry in the early twentieth century before World War I was different for men and women from what it was after the war, and the same applies to World War II, and in the period between the two wars, and in the period that followed with the surrealist artists and the new music that was emerging from the womb of crises that It was left by wars, pains, and bitterness left in human memory, or from the bliss associated with the period of peace after the war. Hair styles and models changed according to the social, cultural, political and artistic conditions experienced by different societies. The hair models associated with blues music, then “pop”, “house”, “town”, “rock and roll”, “heavy metal rock”, “breakdance”, and “disco”, among others. Then “rap” with African Americans, among others.

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Thus, hairstyles changed to suit the stars of that period, singers, singers, actors and actresses in Hollywood films, after cinema became the first means of entertainment, media and advertising in the world. Everyone wanted poetry like Elvis Presley’s, John Lenin’s, Mick Jagger, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Kurt Cobain and Bob Marley in later stages, and actors from Ava Gardner, Elizabeth Taylor, Marlon Brando, Brad Pitt and Leonard DiCaprio at different times and stages.

Hairstyle for Gates, Zuckerberg and Musk

In the age of technology, globalization and the global village, hair still has no specific fashion that can be attributed to this time, or considered an advantage for it. Teens around the world have not yet identified a new form of hair in which they are distinguished from their peers in the past decades.

It may be that they are closed in the worlds of social media, and in other concerns related to the virtual world that make them not interested in finding a different haircut, or stigmatize them with it. Even so that it seems like a return to ordinary hair that is unstyled or does not have a special soul and identity, as Mark Zuckerberg and all his young aides around him felt, or the hair of Bill Gates, which is normal, and even befitting a person who does not have time to look at his hair at all, or like the hair of the Prime Minister The current Briton, Boris Johnson, who seems to forget that he has hair to comb over his head.

As for the females, the means of communication have given them a great ability to portray themselves with the hair they want, and in any color and model they choose, and they put this picture in their communicative accounts on the Internet, and it becomes their true image.

The hair of the girls of this period is often a simple hairstyle, and is not very strange in it, as it is the soft and flowing hair of Kim Kardashian, or the hair of Britney Spears, Shakira, former British Prime Minister Theresa May, Hillary Clinton and Angela Merkel, any normal and simple hair styling that does not reflect Any kind of different expression, except for what indicates that females in this era are trying to appear in two ways, that is, simply beautiful, as is the case of media and Internet stars on the one hand, and with a simple practical appearance that confirms that women ease the knots of their external beauty, to prove that they are able to carry out the tasks assigned to them. To the fullest and in any position it was without the need to be beautiful in terms of form in the sense required by the male authority for the beauty of women.

According to the sociologist Herbert Marcuse in his book “The One-Dimensional Man”, women who enjoy agreed beauty as an example by which the beauty of others is measured, do not lack their presence in a stage of history and societies.

These women provide an example of the uniqueness of female beauty and the celebration of this beauty, as is the case, for example, with Monica Bellucci, or before her Marilyn Monroe, or Sophia Loren, or Sophie Marceau, and many other women whose beauty was used as a standard against which beauty was measured in the period in which they lived .

Huge hair market

In general, the hairstyle is associated with the prevailing fashion, and whoever violates fashion appears to be in violation of social consensus, and humans have always been interested in this hair, which can be an additional advantage to the external beauty of a person, and even a reason for the fading of this beauty that is agreed upon advertising, media and socially in the case of baldness, which was often a reason for ridicule. Or joking about its owner in different societies and cultures.

This hair has a market, and even a special world, starting with products that nourish and strengthen it, and types that are not considered hair washing powders, except for dyes of different colors, then the market for hairdressers and barbers, some of whom become world-famous with their hairstyles and cuts that they invent, and there are machines and equipment used in the world of Hair models and cutting, then wig markets, hair transplant clinics, then there is the hair covering industry of scarves, foulards, and hats, and other different economies based on the care of head hair.

Throughout the ages, hairstyles have been signs and indications of the social class to which the hairstyle owner belongs, ethnic identity and political beliefs, and have also been a cause of gender differences (male – female), or traditional differences between successive generations.

In Imperial Rome BC, women’s hairstyle was a curly mass at the top of the head, with hair falling in rows of waves, and covered with silk hats inlaid with pearls and precious stones. As for noble men, their hair required daily attention from many “slaves” and hairdressers. From then until the European Middle Ages, women let their hair grow naturally, and did not show it in public, covering it with handkerchiefs and hats. The woman who goes out with bare hair and without covering in front of the public is a prostitute, and this is her mark in that long period of time.

In the sixteenth century, women began to decorate their hair with pearls, precious stones, ribbons and veils, and used the technique of “tying” or “striping” using ropes or ribbons to tie the hair around their heads. In the latter half of the fifteenth to sixteenth centuries, a very high hairline at the forehead was considered attractive. As for European men, they cut their hair cut to the shoulder, and it was common in Italy for men to dye their hair.

As for the famous European wig, which has always been questions about, or why it was worn by men who did not suffer from baldness, but it is up to the French King Louis XIII (1601-1643) when baldness began to afflict him early prematurely.

This fashion was promoted to a large extent by his son and successor, Louis XIV, which contributed to its spread in European countries, and even those wigs of different sizes, types and colors put the class, functional or authoritarian difference between the wearer. As for the women of the middle of the eighteenth century, they developed the “buff” or “bloating” pattern in the front of the head using a small pillow around which the hair was wrapped to give a feeling of density and height.

Twentieth century and strange hairstyles

As for the short haircut for men, it took off in a surprising way when the radical politician Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford in England, decided to cut his hair in protest against the imposition of a tax on hair powder, and he challenged his friends to do as he did. Twenty.

First World War

During World War I, women all over the world began switching to shorter haircuts so as not to get in the way while working. Men’s hair was short, and styled with a line on the tip or in the middle, and this style continued even after the end of the second war.

In the sixties of the last century, women followed the fashion of short hair, such as the “Pixelpinma” in the seventies, while the rebellious youth in Europe and the United States at that period were hair in general long to the shoulders and smooth with a bang for women and left it straight for men. African American men and women, on the other hand, let their hair grow naturally, curling it with stone tools and rams of bone as a way back to their African roots.

The role of religion

Religion and faith play an important role in the shape of women’s and men’s poetry. For example, Catholic nuns cut their hair very short, while men who joined Catholic orders in the eighth century adopted a special form, which is to shave their heads and leave a bald spot around the fovea. Buddhist monks also shave their hair off. As for the believing Muslim women, they cover their hair completely, as well as the Jewish women who marry religious men.

As for working class men and women since the Industrial Revolution, they used to take care of their hair normally, or without attention, but the matter has changed in the working class since the mid-twentieth century, where workers everywhere either follow the prevailing fashion or choose their own haircuts, like Mexican workers In American cities, they are known for the Mongolian haircut, that is, shaving off all the hair except for a strand of hair at the back of the neck, and African-American hair with interlaced braids.

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